Success and a Suicide The years and had been good for Hitler politically. The Nazis were now the second largest political party in Germany. Hitler had become a best-selling author, with Mein Kampf selling over 50, copies, bringing him a nice income.
Who Voted Nazi and Why? By September this had risen to This made the Nazis the largest party in the Reichstag. However it is impossible to know exactly who voted for the Nazis, as it was a secret ballot.
So to work out who voted for the Nazis we have to look at in what areas they did well, this can show us which bits of society voted for them,if they did well in city centres then it would be fair to assume the working class voted Nazi. We can also look at which parties lost support as the Nazis gained it, if a party has a strong link with a certain class then if it looses support as the Nazis gain it, it is fair to assume the Nazis are stealing those votes and they appeal to the class who traditionally supported that party.
We can also look at the areas of society the Nazis tried to appeal to. This remained the case even after Hitler became leader with many socialists in what had become a fascist party, with Roehm leader of the S. A being one of the most prominent.
This seems to have lead the party to try and gain widespread support in its election campaigns. Hitler would tailor his message depending on the audience, when addressing the upper class he would promise to lead Germany to greatness again, crush the communists and unions and other such things that the upper class would wish to hear.
However when addressing the working class he would give a different message promising to end unemployment and to raise wages.
In the modern day this would not work but communications were bad enough at the time for him to attempt to gain votes from all sections of society.
By looking at what parties lost support over the period we can find some interesting trends. The Nationalist vote fell from The DNVP was the traditional party for the rich upper class and the farmers and peasants.
So we can assume that the Nazi party gained either partial support from both the rich and the farmers or that they almost completely won over one or the other. However the Nazis tried hard to gain the support of the farmers by promising to sort out their problems.
In the depression the farmers had suffered badly as their prices fell with everything else this lead to a drop in their profits, which in turn meant that they would be unable to pay their mortgages and so would get evicted.
The Nazis promised to raise their prices again to make farming profitable and they also promised that no farmer would ever be evicted under them.
These promises lead to large support for the Nazis from the farmers, which will probably account for most of the loss of vote from the DNVP. However the Nazis did gain support from some rich industrialists and companies, this would have been more important for the financial support they provided than for any votes gained.
For it is quite likely that while people like Fritr Thyssen industrialist involved with steelEmil Kirdorft Coal and Otto Wolfe would be willing to help fund a popular far right party simply in order to weaken the left, but they may not have voted Nazi preferring their traditional DNVP.
Also the Nazi party was banned, and Hitler was prevented from speaking in public until Hitler went to prison, where he wrote 'Mein Kampf'. However the Munich Putsch was a success because he gained strength and popularity from his actions. The Rise of Hitler Essay Words | 3 Pages The Rise of Hitler During the 's and early 's Germany was trying to recover from World War. - Success of the Domestic Policies of the Nazi Party On obtaining power in the Nazi Party set about trying to transform German society in preparation for what Hitler called the Year Reich. This transformation would set German industry on a war footing.
Those who did vote would have been in far smaller numbers than the farmers simply because there are so few rich people compared to poor working class farmers.
Also people would only change parties in large numbers if they had good reason. While the farmers where facing ruin and so voted for the only party offering help, the rich while slightly worse off were still living in comfort and had little reason to change from one right wing party to another on the same scale as the farmers.
This would explain that while the DNVP lost only half its vote between and This is backed up by the fact that the Nazis enjoyed great success in the rural areas.
Both the liberal parties lost votes in huge amounts in the DVP had 8. This would suggest rather strongly that either the middle and lower middle classes where voting Nazi or that they became communists.
However it is highly unlikely that the middle classes would ever vote communist as there were so many horror stories coming from Russia and it was the main fear of the German middle class that a communist revolution would take place and that they would loose everything and be killed by the communists, this got to the extent where people kept weapons in the bedroom in case the communists came for them at night.
So we can assume that the Nazis gained the votes lost by the Liberal parties because as I have already stated the only parties to gain a significant amount of votes over this period were the Nazis and the communists. So the Nazis gained votes in large numbers from the middle class.
A to attack the communists which the middle class feared. The middle classes would then have seen the Nazi party as the only one who was willing to take a strong stand against the communists, even though they may not have approved of the violence the Nazis employed to begin with.
As their fear grew however with more Nazi lead violence on the streets more and more people began to see it as the only way to stop a communist revolution. The Nazis also appealed to the lower middle class especially as they had a real fear of loosing their status, in the depression millions where unemployed and fear of becoming one of these was a large part of life for the lower middle class.
If they lost their job they would cease to be middle class and become working class, this was a large reason why so many defected to the Nazi party. While the liberals did nothing to combat these fears the Nazis offered to protect them from the communist threat, end unemployment the detail here was lacking but it was a strong statement which would attract votesand to protect them from the large companies and department stores.
This was another fear for the lower middle class in this case the shopkeepers large department stores could put them out of business, again the Nazis promised to stop them saying they were run by Jews and that meant they could be demonised and attacked by them.
The fact that the Nazis gained a large proportion of their vote from the middle and lower middle classes is also supported by the places in which they did well. They had success in small to medium sized towns and in the suburbs of the cities.
These are the places that the middle classes were likely to live.
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