In the middle of the eighteenth century, contemporaneous with the mature years of Bach and Handel, a new musical style developed that is known as Rococo or preclassical style. This style is most evident in keyboard and orchestral music, but it is mentioned here because it represented a transition from the Baroque to the Classical era, occurring between and
Visit Website The Rise of Athens The defeat of the Persians marked the beginning of Athenian political, economic, and cultural dominance. Other legislators were chosen randomly by lot, not by election. To protect far-flung Greek territories from Persian interference, Athens organized a confederacy of allies that it called the Delian League in B.
Athens Under Pericles In the s, the Athenian general Pericles consolidated his own power by using all that tribute money to serve the citizens of Athens, rich and poor.
Generals were among the only public officials in Athens who were elected, not appointed, and who could keep their jobs for more than one year.
For example, Pericles paid modest wages to jurors and members of the ekklesia so that, in theory, everyone who was eligible could afford to participate in the public life of the demokratia.
Art and Architecture Pericles also used the tribute money to support Athenian artists and thinkers. For instance, he paid to rebuild the parts of Athens that the Persian Wars had destroyed. The result was the magnificent Parthenona new temple in honor of the goddess Athena at the Acropolis.
Pericles also oversaw the construction of the temple at Hephaestos, the Odeion concert hall, and the temple of Poseidon at Attica. Likewise, Pericles paid for the annual production of comedic and dramatic plays at the Acropolis.
Wealthy people offset some of these costs by paying voluntary taxes called liturgies. Dramatists like Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides and the comic playwright Aristophanes all won a great deal of renown for their depictions of relationships between men and gods, citizens and polis, and fate and justice.
These plays, like the Parthenon, still epitomize the cultural achievements of classical Greece. Along with the histories of Herodotus and Thucydides and the ideas of the physician Hippokrates, they are defined by logic, pattern and order, and they have in common a faith in humanism above all else.
These are the attributes that today aer associated with the art, the culture and even the politics of the era. The Peloponnesian War Unfortunately, none of these cultural achievements translated into political stability. Athenian imperialism had alienated its partners in the Delian League, particularly Sparta, and this conflict played out in the decades-long Peloponnesian War — B.
The eventual Spartan victory in the Peloponnesian War meant that Athens lost its political primacy, but Athenian cultural life—the essence of classical Greece—continued apace in the fourth century B.
By the second half of the century, however, disorder reigned within the former Athenian empire.Decades of Horror: The Classic Era Episode 40 – Black Sunday () “Viy,” a short story by Russian writer Nikolai Gogol, provides a loose foundation for the film’s screenplay, written by Ennio De Concini and Mario Serandrei.
Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the period of cultural history between the 8th century BC and the 5th or 6th century AD centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world.
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