Play media Training the profession of an architect, fireman and floral designer in Kidburg, The Ministry of Education and Science regulates only a brief pre-school preparation programme for the 5—6-year-old children. In the government attempted to charge the full cost of kindergartens to the parents; widespread public opposition caused a reversal of policy.
Since all programs, except general education programs, lead to diplomas or to diplomas and degrees as well as to professional qualifications, which give the right to exercise Russian education, they are identified as professional education programs.
Professional education also comprises four levels: Bakalavriat Bakalavr degree programs; second cycle university education: Specialitet and Magistratura Specialist and Magistr degree programs; the highest qualification cadres training: Besides wide range of courses and programs of supplementary education to the listed levels are offered, which generate an array of lifelong learning.
Supplementary to general education courses and programs are Russian education to children and adults. Supplementary to professional education courses and programs are referred to upgrading, retraining and other forms of LLL dopolnitelnoe professionalnoe obrazovanie.
Instruction in Russian, which is an official state language, is carried out in all accredited education institutions, except pre-school institutions. Citizens of the Russian Federation have the right to be taught in their native languages in law secondary school as well as to choose languages of instruction within the range of other possibilities offered by the educational system.
The language languages of instruction is selected by the founder of each educational institution. These institutions are closely related to the economic branch of the ministry in question.
For example, medical institutions are under administration of the Ministry of Healthand the Ministry of Agriculture is responsible for agricultural institutions. Nevertheless all education establishments keep nationwide regulations of the Ministry of Education and Science in relation of education and research.
In addition, there are local authorities, which carry out their regulatory functions in the constituent parts of the Russian Federation and municipalities. All of these bodies have administrative responsibilities for educational institutions which they establish. The term of office of an Academic Council is five years.
In non-state HEIs supervision is the responsibility of their founders or of a trusteeship council, which is appointed by the founders.
The direct administration of a higher education institution is the responsibility of rector. The statute of HEI defines the demarcation between the functions of the Academic Council and the rector. Depending upon the structure of a given institution, Academic Council may be also set up in each faculty.
Their members are elected from representative of academic staff. Academic Council terms of reference is defined by the charter of the institutions in question. Each faculty is headed by a dean who is elected by the faculty Academic Council and approved by the institution Academic Council. Faculties are composed of chairs that are administered by their heads.
This mechanism includes the state educational standards; licensing and state accreditation. State educational standards The standards set out requirements for learning outcomes, structure of curricula, and conditions of their implementation in educational institutions.
Standards for higher education allow a wide margin of academic freedom to ensure curricula content compliance with the regional and local labor market needs. In addition, top universities have the authority to design their own educational standards in respect of learning outcomes, structure and content of programs.Russian education system Education System in Russia.
Russia has a long-standing tradition in high-quality education for all citizens. It probably has also one of the best mass-eduction systems in the world producing a literacy rate (98%) exceeding most Western European countries.
Russia Table of Contents. In the Soviet period, education was highly centralized, and indoctrination in Marxist-Leninist theory was a major element of every school's curriculum. STRUCTURE OF EDUCATION SYSTEM IN RUSSIA. ashio-midori.com The European Education Directory.
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