Origins "Nihilism" comes from the Latin nihil, or nothing, which means not anything, that which does not exist. It appears in the verb "annihilate," meaning to bring to nothing, to destroy completely.
Chances are, you've used it at least once, even if you didn't realize it. For decades, people have used brainstorming to generate ideas, and to come up with creative solutions to problems.
However, you need to use brainstorming correctly for it to be fully effective. In this article, we'll look at what it is, why it's useful, and how to get the best from it.
Madison Avenue advertising executive Alex Osborn developed the original approach and published it in his book, " Applied Imagination. The approach described here takes this research into account, so it's subtly different from Osborn's approach. Brainstorming combines a relaxed, informal approach to problem solving with lateral thinking.
It encourages people to come up with thoughts and ideas that can, at first, seem a bit crazy. Some of these ideas can be crafted into original, creative solutions to a problem, while others can spark even more ideas. This helps to get people unstuck by "jolting" them out of their normal ways of thinking.
Therefore, during brainstorming sessions, people should avoid criticizing or rewarding ideas. You're trying to open up possibilities and break down incorrect assumptions about the problem's limits.
Judgment and analysis at this stage stunts idea generation and limit creativity. Evaluate ideas at the end of the session — this is the time to explore solutions further, using conventional approaches. Conventional group problem solving can often be undermined by unhelpful group behavior.
And while it's important Radical openness start with a structured, analytical process when solving problems, this can lead a group to develop limited and unimaginative ideas. By contrast, brainstorming provides a free and open environment that encourages everyone to participate.
Quirky ideas are welcomed and built upon, and all participants are encouraged to contribute fully, helping them develop a rich array of creative solutions. Finding This Article Useful?
It increases the richness of ideas explored, which means that you can often find better solutions to the problems that you face. It can also help you get buy-in from team members for the solution chosen — after all, they're likely to be more committed to an approach if they were involved in developing it.
What's more, because brainstorming is fun, it helps team members bond, as they solve problems in a positive, rewarding environment. While brainstorming can be effective, it's important to approach it with an open mind and a spirit of non-judgment.
If you don't do this, people "clam up," the number and quality of ideas plummets, and morale can suffer. Individual Brainstorming While group brainstorming is often more effective at generating ideas than normal group problem solving, several studies have shown that individual brainstorming produces more — and often better — ideas than group brainstorming.
This can occur because groups aren't always strict in following the rules of brainstorming, and bad behaviors creep in. Mostly, though, this happens because people pay so much attention to other people that they don't generate ideas of their own — or they forget these ideas while they wait for their turn to speak.
This is called "blocking. For example, you might find that an idea you'd hesitate to bring up in a group develops into something special when you explore it on your own.
However, you may not develop ideas as fully when you're on your own, because you don't have the wider experience of other group members to draw on. To get the most out of your individual brainstorming session, choose a comfortable place to sit and think.
Minimize distractions so that you can focus on the problem at hand, and consider using Mind Maps to arrange and develop ideas. Individual brainstorming is most effective when you need to solve a simple problem, generate a list of ideas, or focus on a broad issue.
Group brainstorming is often more effective for solving complex problems. Group Brainstorming Here, you can take advantage of the full experience and creativity of all team members.
When one member gets stuck with an idea, another member's creativity and experience can take the idea to the next stage. You can develop ideas in greater depth with group brainstorming than you can with individual brainstorming. Another advantage of group brainstorming is that it helps everyone feel that they've contributed to the solution, and it reminds people that others have creative ideas to offer.
It's also fun, so it can be great for team building! Group brainstorming can be risky for individuals. Unusual suggestions may appear to lack value at first sight — this is where you need to chair sessions tightly, so that the group doesn't crush these ideas and stifle creativity.Radical Openness: the way forward While the above examples are essentially related to our use of humanitarian technology in emergency response, the principles can be taken forward in any sort of programming.
Nihilism. Nihilism is the belief that all values are baseless and that nothing can be known or communicated. It is often associated with extreme pessimism and a radical skepticism that condemns existence. A true nihilist would believe in nothing, have no loyalties, and no purpose other than, perhaps, an impulse to destroy.
In the new TED book Radical Openness, authors Anthony D. Williams and Don Tapscott explore some of the questions and and uncertainties.
Brainstorming helps you develop creative solutions to a problem, and is particularly useful when you need to break out of stale thinking patterns. Includes a video. Openness - Flexibility - Connectedness.
Radically Open Dialectical Behavior Therapy (RO DBT) is a new evidence based treatment, supported by 20 years of clinical research, targeting a spectrum of disorders characterized by excessive self control, often referred to as overcontrol (OC).
Radical transparency is a phrase used across fields of governance, politics, software design and business to describe actions and approaches that radically increase the openness of organizational process and data. Its usage was originally understood as an approach or act that uses abundant networked information to access previously .