The proclaimed purpose of the Crusades, which were often requested and encouraged by papal policy, was to recover the city of Jerusalem as well as other eastern locations of religious pilgrimage all located in an area referred to as the Holy Land by Christians from the control of the Muslims. During the mid-eleventh century, Muslim Turks conquered Syria and Palestine, causing concern among Western Christians. The year marks the beginning of the Crusades.
Overview and Analysis of the Crusades The Crusades were military expeditions planned and carried out by western European Christians. The crusades started around The purpose of these crusades was to overtake and gain control of the Holy Land from the Muslims.
The Holy Land was Jerusalem and the Christians believed that gaining control of it was their fate. The pope would gather the people together and incite them. The origin of the crusades was a result of the expanding Turks in the middle east.
These Turkish forces invaded Byzantium, a Christian empire. The crusaders were a militia, sent out to recover what they thought was theirs.
The first crusade was essentially started by Pope Urban II. On November 27,he gathered his followers outside the French city of Clermont-Ferrand. He preached to these people and told them that action needed to be taken.
In response, the people cheered and planned their attack. Urban II brought together all of the bishops and urged them to talk to their friends and fellow villagers and to encourage them to participate in the crusades.
Small groups started to form and each group would be self- directing. All the groups planned their own ways to the Constantinople, where they would meet and regroup.
They would attack the Turkish forces in Constantinople and hope to regain control of the city. The large Christian armies talked to Alexius I Comnenus, the Byzantium emperor, and agreed to return any of his old land that was recaptured.
The armies were skeptical of this demand but agreed anyway. The first attack by the crusaders was on Anatolian, the Turkish capital. Meanwhile the Byzantians were also trying to recapture Anatolian, and later that year, the city surrendered to the Byzantians instead of the crusaders.
The Byzantians were using the crusaders as pawns to achieve their own goals. The crusaders again met and crushed the Turkish army. The crusaders captured Antioch and also held off relief forces sent to help the Turks.
The crusaders then moved on to their main goal-Jerusalem! The city was under Egyptian control and was heavily guarded. The crusaders set up siege machines and called for reinforcements, finally forcing the Egyptians to surrender.
Everyone in the city was massacred in the belief that the blood of the former holders purified it. The crusaders kept control of the city for the next generation or so and brought in people to inhabit the Holy Land. Slowly the Muslim forces started to rebuild and soon came back to take the Holy Land.
After the defeat of the Egyptians in Jerusalem, the crusaders started to colonize. The Latin colonists set up four states: Tripoli, which was on the Syrian coast, Antioch, centered near the Orontes Valley, Edessa, a far east state which held most of the Christians, and the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, the most powerful and centered between the other three states.
Once the original generation of crusaders died, their children were not as determined. They forgot about the Muslims that had escaped, and because of that, the Muslims had a new leader and were regaining power.- The Crusades A major turning point in Medieval history were the Crusades.
The Crusades were a series of wars fought between the Christian Europeans and the Muslim Turks, which occurred between the years of to Essay on The Crusades Words | 4 Pages. The Crusades A major turning point in Medieval history were the Crusades. The Crusades were a series of wars fought between the Christian Europeans and the Muslim Turks, which .
The Crusades were a time in Europe’s history where there was great religious conflict between Muslims and Christians that started in , and ended with the ninth Crusade in They started as a religious territorial war over Jerusalem, but changed to be more territorial over time.
Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec A religious element can be observed within the secular western individuals, however it .
Thomas Madden: the New Concise History of the Crusades Essay Words May 20th, 5 Pages Thomas Madden’s Crusades is an exposition of the crusades, which occurred during the Middle Ages.
When the original purpose of the campaign was defeated by the assassination of Alexios An essay collection on the topic was published in under the title Gendering the Crusades. In an essay on "Women Warriors", The Crusades: A history (Bloomsbury Publishing, ) Runciman, Steven.