It persisted as the dominant approach in Western moral philosophy until at least the Enlightenment, suffered a momentary eclipse during the nineteenth century, but re-emerged in Anglo-American philosophy in the late s.
Though written more than 2, years ago, it offers the modern reader many valuable insights into human needs and conduct. Among its most outstanding features are Aristotle's insistence that there are no known absolute moral standards and that any ethical theory must be based in part on an understanding of psychology and firmly grounded in the realities of human nature and daily life.
In addition, the book vividly reflects Aristotle's achievements in other areas of philosophy and is a good example of his analytical method, which must be considered the ultimate basis of all modern scientific research.
People have not changed significantly in the many years since Aristotle first lectured on ethics at the Lyceum in Athens. The human types and problems he discusses are familiar to everyone. The rules of conduct and explanations of virtue and goodness that he proposes can all help modern man to attain a fuller and more satisying understanding of his responsibilities as a member of society and the purpose of his existence.
For this alone Aristotle's book is still worth reading. Main Points of Aristotle's Ethical Philosophy The highest good and the end toward which all human activity is directed is happiness, which can be defined as continuous contemplation of eternal and universal truth.
One attains happiness by a virtuous life and the development of reason and the faculty of theoretical wisdom. For this one requires sufficient external goods to ensure health, leisure, and the opportunity for virtuous action.
Moral virtue is a relative mean between extremes of excess and deficiency, and in general the moral life is one of moderation in all things except virtue.
No human appetite or desire is bad if it is controlled by reason according to a moral principle. Moral virtue is acquired by a combination of knowledge, habituation, and self-discipline. Virtuous acts require conscious choice and moral purpose or motivation.
Man has personal moral responsibility for his actions. Moral virtue cannot be achieved abstractly — it requires moral action in a social environment.
Ethics and politics are closely related, for politics is the science of creating a society in which men can live the good life and develop their full potential.
Nature of Ethics and methods of studying Ethics. Discussion of Happiness and the good as the ends of human life. Discussion of Moral Virtue. The Doctrine of the Mean. Moral purpose and moral responsibility. Discussion of particular moral virtues. Further discussion of Pleasure. Happiness, the end of human life.
Relationship of Ethics and Politics. Next Chapter I Pop Quiz!Virtue Ethics. Virtue ethics is a broad term for theories that emphasize the role of character and virtue in moral philosophy rather than either doing one’s duty or acting in order to bring about good consequences.
A virtue ethicist is likely to give you this kind of moral advice: “Act as a .
Synonyms for nature at ashio-midori.com with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. Find descriptive alternatives for nature. The former choice misrepresents Spinoza’s doctrine (his other name for God is ‘Nature’), while the latter misrepresents his style. Writing in Latin, which lacks the distinction between Ethics Benedict Spinoza Part II: The Nature and Origin of the Mind 23 those who confuse the divine nature with human nature.
The Ethical Dimension Of Human Nature: A New Realist Theory Key Words Ethics, Principle of Goodness, Science and humanity, Origin of ethics, Personal ethics, Individual development, Human nature, Social development, Evolutionary Psychology.
Author Biography This ‘process nature’ is explored in the other paper to be presented at this. Virtue ethics is currently one of three major approaches in normative ethics.
It may, initially, be identified as the one that emphasizes the virtues, or moral character, in contrast to the approach that emphasizes duties or rules (deontology) or that emphasizes the consequences of actions (consequentialism).
Christ has a human nature, but He is not a human person. The Person of the Mediator is the unchangeable Son of God. In the incarnation He did not change into a human person; neither did He adopt a human person.