How does probable cause impact police officers and police agencies

Boynton Briefing - Nov.

How does probable cause impact police officers and police agencies

Officers should be aware that in some cases interviewing the suspect may serve to intensify his interest in the victim and provoke him into more extreme action.

Precautions, such as safety planning with the victim, must always be taken whenever a suspect interview is conducted. However, be on guard. Stalking suspects can be very cunning and manipulative. They will often attempt to deny or rationalize their behavior or try to outsmart law enforcement.

Conduct database checks, i. Search state and national databases, Internet services, and police contact records maintained by jurisdictions where the suspect has lived. Interview people that may provide relevant information about the suspect such as: Have a strategy prior to actually contacting the suspect.

It is recommended that investigators: Interview any stalking suspect in pairs. Be aware of officer safety. Remember to obtain as many details as possible and document the interview extensively.

Remember to question the suspect about other potential victims or crimes. Attempt to assess the threat posed by the suspect. Learn if the suspect has other victims in mind. Advise the suspect that the behavior is unwanted, unacceptable, and must stop immediately.

It must be clear that all violations of orders or laws will result in arrest and possible incarceration. Videotape the interview, whenever possible. Body language, gestures, voice tone, eye contact, etc.

Any type of crime, from vandalism to homicide, could be part of a stalking case. Stalking laws also criminalize noncriminal behavior, such as letter sending, phone calls, and other contacts if that behavior is part of a pattern that creates an implicit or explicit threat to the victim.

Generally, stalking is an escalating series of actions and incidents. Common stalking behaviors include, but are not limited to: Telephone calls to the victim harassing, threatening, obscene, or otherwise.

Mail, cards, letters, or gifts to the victim. Following the victim on foot or in a vehicle.

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Making slanderous statements or false reports concerning the victim, calling law enforcement or CYFD. Delivery of objects to the victim intended to cause fear to that victim these objects, taken out of context, may seem innocuous to outsiders.

Threats made to the victim direct, veiled, or conditional.Reexamination. Top.

How does probable cause impact police officers and police agencies

Many advocates believe that Massachusetts does not have a coordinated, accountable statewide system that provides the support and safety planning necessary for abuse victims receiving civil protective orders. Judges, not police officers, have the last word on whether probable cause exists. A police officer may be sincere in believing that the facts establish probable cause.

But if a judge examines that same information and disagrees, then probable cause does not exist (or did not exist, if the question is being decided after an arrest). The FBI is an intelligence-driven and threat-focused national security organization with both intelligence and law enforcement responsibilities.


Probable cause is a strong reason to think that a person or property was involved in a crime. This relates to a search warrant, a police officer needs to come up with a good enough probable cause to get a search warrant. For much of modern American history, police officers were considered, by most judges and jurors, to be the most reliable narrators in a courtroom — professional and neutral arbiters of facts.

UPDATE TO EARLIER PRESS RELEASE. NARRATIVE: On November 16th, officers from the Bend Police Department reached out to an adult female regarding information received from a Facebook post last night regarding a robbery on the west side of Bend.

How does probable cause impact police officers and police agencies