Soils[ edit ] Madagascar has been called the "Great Red Island" because of the prominence of red lateritic soils. The red soils predominate in the central highlands, although there are much richer soils in the regions of former volcanic activity, Itasy and Ankaratraand Tsaratanana to the north.
No single Malagasy-language name predating Madagasikara appears to have been used by the local population to refer to the island, although some communities had their own name for part or all of the land they inhabited.
Geography of Madagascar The terraced paddy fields of the central highlands of Madagascar left give way to tropical rainforest along the eastern coast center bordered by the shores of the Indian Ocean right.
The nearest mainland state is Mozambiquelocated to the west. These central highlandstraditionally the homeland of the Merina people and the location of their historic capital at Antananarivoare the most densely populated part of the island and are characterized by terraced, rice-growing valleys lying between grassy hills and patches of the subhumid forests that formerly covered the highland region.
To the west of the highlands, the increasingly arid terrain gradually slopes down to the Mozambique Channel and mangrove swamps along the coast.
The western coast features many protected harbors, but silting is a major problem caused by sediment from the high levels of inland erosion carried by rivers crossing the broad western plains. The central highlands are both drier and cooler while the west is drier still, and a semi-arid climate prevails in the southwest and southern interior of the island.
This distinctive ecology has led some ecologists to refer to Madagascar as the "eighth continent",  and the island has been classified by Conservation International as a biodiversity hotspot.
As of [update]there were officially species and subspecies of lemur 39 of which were described by zoologists between and At least 17 species of lemur have become extinct since humans arrived on Madagascar, all of which were larger than the surviving lemur species.
Although invertebrates remain poorly studied on Madagascar, researchers have found high rates of endemism among the known species.
Deforestation in Madagascar and Illegal logging in Madagascar Tavy slash-and-burn destruction of native forest habitat is widespread leftcausing massive erosion center and silting of rivers right.
Of these, 23 species were classified as critically endangered.Indri is the largest of all lemurs found in the Madagascar Island.
They have a body length between inches and weigh up to 10 kg. Indris are also one of the endangered species of . Diversity; About living species: Range of all lemur species: Lemurs (/ ˈ l iː m ər / () LEE-mər) are a clade of strepsirrhine primates endemic to the island of ashio-midori.com word lemur derives from the word lemures (ghosts or spirits) from Roman mythology and was first used to describe a slender loris due to its nocturnal habits and slow pace, but was later applied to the primates on.
"Lower Egypt weeps. The entire palace is without its revenues. To it belong (by right) wheat and barley, geese and fish. The storehouse of the king is the common property of everyone.".
A Focus on the Exotic Island of Madagascar PAGES 1. WORDS View Full Essay.
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More essays like this: island of madagascar, the exotic island, citizens of madagascar. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University.
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The island is a world completely its own, far from the typical African safari. Having worked, lived, and studied primates in Madagascar, Travis has an in-depth knowledge of not only the wildlife. Madagascar is an island located in the Indian Ocean. It is also known as the "Great Red Island".
It is separated from the southeast coast of Africa. It is the fourth largest island in the world, with an area of , Km (, sq. miles). The island id slightly less than twice the size of Arizona/5(2).