Though Andrew Jackson won the popular vote and 99 electoral votes, the lack of an electoral majority threw the election to the House of Representativeswhich ended up giving the victory to John Quincy Adams. By the s, Democrats and Whigs were both national parties, with supporters from various regions of the country, and dominated the U. Southern Democrats favored slavery in all territories, while their Northern counterparts thought each territory should decide for itself via popular referendum.
The term "Antifederalist" originally applied to those who had opposed the ratification of the Constitution drafted by the Framers meeting in Convention in Philadelphia in ceased to have any real meaning as a designation of a political faction once the Constitution formally took effect on 4 Marchas anyone serving in the new Federal Government had to take an oath to the new Constitution before entering upon their duties: In addition, there were no real national Political Parties prior to the Presidential Election of although loose coalitions between, where not pre-arranged alliances among, State-based "factions"- along the lines of those cosmopolitan vs.
It is best, therefore, to treat those who served in the first four Congresses  as being either Administration that is, generally allied with those around Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton and Vice President John Adams or Opposition those generally associated with Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson and Congressman James Madison - with the caveat that, while there is an apparent lineal connection between these groupings and the later Federalists and Republicans, respectively, the Presidency of George Washington was an era of "factions" rather than one of "Parties" and that there were shifting sands in the political landscape of this early era in American political history.
By the start of the 5th Congress which coincided with the Inauguration of John Adams as President on 4 Marchtwo national Major Political Parties had emerged from among the strong supporters of the policies of outgoing President Washington and those who had pretty much been opposed to these policies, respectively.
Those who had supported the policies of the Washington Administration became known as Federalists because they supported a strong national government as a counterweight to the States; those who had been in Opposition became known as Republicans because they felt that defending the sovereignty of the States against encroachments by the Federal Government was a truer essence of the federal republic known as the United States of America; however, the Federalists, feeling that their contrary vision of what a federal republic should be was the more "republican" in spirit, derisively referred to the Republicans as "democrats" a term which, at the time, had connotations of the mob rule associated with the then-still very recent Reign of Terror following the French Revolution of It is true that some Republicans of this era came to see identification with Democracy as a badge of honor and one often sees the term Democratic-Republicans applied to this Party in historical literature this usage also creating a lineal relationship between these early Republicans and the Democrats of today ; however, many political observers, instead, refer to the Republicans of this era as the "old", or "Jeffersonian", Republicans as a better, and more accurate, method of distinguishing them from the Republicans of today.
It is the practice of TheGreenPapers. By the start of the 21st Congress coinciding with the Inauguration of President Andrew Jackson on 4 Marchthe two opposing factions within the "old" Republican Party which had become evident in the course of the two preceding Congresses had coalesced into two new Major Parties: The Democratic Republicans took their name from their identification with the democracy they urged on behalf of the "common man" as well as a strong historical tie they now felt with the old "Jeffersonian" Republicans who- as noted above- had been referred to as "democrats" as a term of derision the "Jackson" faction thus painting those who supported outgoing President John Quincy Adams as being the contemporary equivalent of the Federalists of Adams' father, President John Adams.
The National Republicans, meanwhile, adapted their name from the nationalizing policies pushed by the outgoing Administration of their champion, President Adams.
Note that neither faction becoming Party, however, was yet willing to completely give up their identification with the "old" Republicans of the era before the Presidential Election which had created each faction cum Party in the first place.
By the start of the 23rd Congress which coincided with the Second Inauguration of President Andrew Jackson on 4 Marchthe one-time Democratic Republicans were becoming more generally known as Democrats, the name itself derived from the aforementioned one-time term of derision hurled by the Federalists at the "old" or "Jeffersonian" Republicans- with whom those who strongly supported the policies of President Jackson closely identified historically- back in and This Major Party has, of course, stayed with the name Democrats ever since.
Meanwhile, by the start of the 24th Congress 4 Marchthe one-time National Republicans were more generally known as Whigs, a name evocative of the political faction in opposition to the English Crown during the era of the Stuarts 17th Century ; in addition, the Patriots of the American Revolution were often referred to- by friend and foe alike- as "Whigs" in contradistinction to the loyalist "Tories".
The Slavery issue, however, marked the death knell of the Whigs as a Major Party: In the wake of the resultant political fallout, Free Soilers and so-called "Conscience" Whigs joined forces with so-called "Free" Democrats and even denizens of the nativist American known colloquially as the "Know-Nothing" Party to sow the seeds of a new Major Party: Meanwhile, other Whigs primarily in the South joined the Democrats, while a core of so-called "old" Whigs principally in the Border South vainly attempted to hold what was, by now, an "anti-Free Soil yet pro-Union" faction together as the winds of Secession and Civil War began to intensify and the end of the s drew nigh this last remnant of the Whigs would become the core of a short-lived Constitutional Union Party by the Presidential Election.
The 34th Congress , thus, can be seen as a more or less transitional period in which the final decay and decline of the Whigs was becoming offset by the shifting sands of the contemporary antebellum political landscape swiftly producing a new "Democrats versus Republicans" Major Party alignment: Tony Roza, Webmaster, E-Mail:The Republicans are trying to rewrite history the same way the Nazis did to manipulate what we think and read.
America will turn to fascism lightning fast way, WAY before it turns to communism. The first President to be elected from the party that is currently known as the Republican Party was Abraham Lincoln.
In the First Party System, the opposition party to the Federalists, at first known as Anti-Federalists (understandably, not a great name for a party), . The Democratic Party was formed in , when supporters of Thomas Jefferson began using the name Republicans, or Jeffersonian Republicans, to emphasize its anti-aristocratic policies.
It adopted. What are the basic differences between Democrats and Republicans in American politics? Does either party support leftist ideologies?
at least not in recent history.
The numbers do not lie - Is there any ideological difference between Democrats and Republicans in the United States of America? The Democratic-Republican Party gained the presidency in the election of , beginning a string of six elections in which three Virginians held that office.
They were weak in New England, but shared the support of the Mid-Atlantic states and were popular in the southern states.
This list of richest American politicians includes current and former office-holders and political appointees, and is not necessarily adjusted for inflation.
Estimated wealth is at least $ million in dollars, for all the people listed here. List of current members of the United States Congress by wealth;.